Floating-point cheat sheet for PHP

Floating-Point Types

PHP is dynamically typed and will often convert implicitly between strings and floating-point numbers (which are platform-dependant, but typically IEEE 64 bit values). To force a value to floating-point, evaluate it in a numerical context:

	$foo = 0 + "10.5"; 

Decimal Types

The BC Math extension implements arbitrary-precision decimal math:

	$a = '0.1';
	$b = '0.2';
	echo bcadd($a, $b);     // prints 0.3

How to Round

Rounding can be done with the number_format() function:

	$number = 4.123;
	echo number_format($number, 2); // prints 4.12


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